Contents in this post
1. Definition of adverbs
2. Types of adverbs
3. Different types of temporal adverbs
4. How to make sentences with adverbs
5. How to use the adverb of time in the past, present and future tense
Table of content for adverbs

Adverbs are words that modify a verb or even an adjective. Adverbs play important roles in flexing a sentence. They rotate between two positions in a German sentence i.e at the beginning (the preverbal position) or in the third position in a german sentence. In English, adverbs may be easily identified with the suffix “-ly” when it is coined from an adjective whereas in german they have no definite end-suffix for identification. They are equally not declined.

As a rule in german language, an adverb must always be placed before an adjective or an object (direct, indirect & prepositional object) i.e directly after the verb within a sentence and directly after the subject in a question except the object is a pronoun. If the object is a pronoun, then it can be placed directly after them. There are several categories of adverbs as listed below;

  • Adverb of place
  • Adverb of direction or lokal adverbs
  • Temporal adverbs or adverb of time
  • Adverb of degree
  • Adverb of manner or modal adverbs
  • Adverb of frequency
  • Adverb of reason

Adverb of place

An Adverb of place is used to tell the location or where something is found. It is usually associated with the question word “wo?”. Examples are;

GermanEnglish
hier
da
dort
hause
vorn/vorne
hinten
oben
unten
rechts
links
irgendwo
nirgendwo
überall
außen/draußen
innen/drinnen
here
there
over there/there
home
at/in (the) front
at the back
up/upstairs
downstairs/ bottom
right side
left side
somewhere
nowhere/not…anywhere
everywhere
outside
inside
List of german adverb of place
Usage
1. Mein Vater ist draußen im Garten.—— my father is outside in the garden.

2. Ich gehe nirgendwo hin!—— I am not going anywhere!

3. Sie waren hier bei mir.—— they were here with me.

4. Sara und ich reisen nach Africa. Wir werden dort viele wilde Tiere find.—— Sara and I are traveling to Africa. We will find many wild animals over there.
Sentences with adverb of place

Adverb of direction

Some adverbs of place can be used to give directions or description of how to locate something. They usually make use of the prefix “nach” which is not literally translated in English, to indicate movement. In a sentence where there are two or more adverbs, directional adverbs are given the last preference. That means those adverbs must be written first before them. They include;

GermanEnglish
nach oben
nach unten
nach hinten
nach vorne
nach Hause
nach rechts
nach links
up
bottom/ down
backwards
forward
home
towards right
towards left
List of german adverb of direction
Usage
1. Wir gehen nach Hause.—— we are going home.

2. Fahren Sie nach links und dann nach rechts wenden.—— drive towards left and then turn right.

3.Ich gehe nach unten.—— i am going downstairs.
Sentences with german adverb of direction

Temporal adverb

These are adverbs that tell exactly when something is done. The examples of these adverbs are often used in connection with the question-word “wann”. It is divided into sub-groups namely;

  • Specific time duration
  • Non-specific time duration

Specific time duration

Adverbs that belong in this category of adverb of time are often used with a definite and more precise duration of time. Examples of this adverbs are;

GermanEnglish
heute
morgen
übermorgen
gestern
vorgestern
jetzt/nun
zurzeit/ derzeit
früh
sofort
bald
später
dann/denn
damals
gleich
noch
freitags
today
tomorrow
a day after tomorrow
yesterday
a day before yesterday
now
presently
early
immediately
soon
later
then
back then
instantly
still/yet
List of german adverb of time
Usage
1. Die alte Frau ist heute die Kinder zum Kindergarten gebracht.—— The old woman brought the children to school today.

2. Das kluge Mädchen hat gestern den Preis gewonnen.—— The clever Girl won the prize yesterday.
Sentences with german adverb of time

**Note that: when making a sentence in german that involves a specific adverb of time in the future tense , the future tense auxiliary verb “werden” should not be used. The sentences should instead be made with the adverbs alone. See examples below.

Usage
1. I will travel to Turkey tomorrow.—— Ich werde morgen in der Türkei reisen.❌

2. I will travel to Turkey tomorrow.—— Ich reise morgen in der Türkei.✅

3. Susan will come soon–– Susanne kommt bald.

4. My parents will visit my grandparents today–– Meine Eltern besuchen heute meine Großeltern
Sentences with german adverb of time in future tense

Non-specific time duration

These adverbs of time are used in scope of a period in time without being specific. They are formed by combining certain prepositions such as um, unter, an and in with the seconds of the minute, the minutes of the hour, the hours of the day, the days of the week, the months and even the seasons of the year which are all nouns. These adverbs are referred to as Zeitangaben in german. Some examples are;

GermanEnglish
um Eins
um sechs Uhr
in dreißig Sekunde
in fünfzehh Minuten
in vier Stunden
am Morgen
am Vormittag
am Mittag
am Nachmittag
am Abend
in der Nacht
am Tag
am Montag
am Freitag
am Wochenende
unter der Woche
in der Woche
im Monat
im Jahr
im September
im Winter
by/at one (am/pm)
by/at six (am/pm)
in thirty seconds
in fifteen minutes
in four hours
in the morning
before noon
at noon
in the afternoon
in the evening
in the night
in the day
on monday
on friday
in the weekend
in the week
in the week
in the month
in the year
in september
in winter
Examples of german Zeitangabe
Usage
1. Mein Zug kommt um 6.00 Uhr an.–– my train is arriving at 6 am.

2. Peter und Petra heiraten im August.–– Peter and Petra are getting married in august.

3. Ich bin im Sommer geboren.–– I was born in summer.

4. Musst du am Mittwoch das Haus aufräumen?–– Do you have to clean up the house on wednesday?
Sentences with german adverb of time

Adverb of degree

These Adverbs are used to tell how far, how much or to what extent something is done. The question word associated with these adverbs is “wie viel”. Examples of these Adverbs include;

GermanEnglish
sehr
komplett
total
wirklich
ganz
äußerst
gern
vielleicht
möglicherweise
eigentlich
insgesamt
auch
fast
genug
sicher
ziemlich
very
completely
totally
really
entirely
extremely
gladly/preferably
perhaps/maybe
possibly
actually
in total
also/ too
almost
enough
surely/ certainly
quite
Examples of german degree
Usage
1. Ich bin fast fertig.—— I am almost done.

2. Es tut uns wirklich leid, wir können nicht mehr koimmen.—— we are really sorry, we can’t come anymore.

3. Wohnst du auch in Berlin?—— do you reside also in Berlin?
Sentences with german adverb of degree

Adverbs of manner

These Adverbs describe how or the way something is done. The question-word associated with these adverbs is “wie”. Some examples are;

GermanEnglish
gut
gemeinsam
zusammen
leise
schlecht
gefährlich
sogar
furchtbar
plötzlich
absolut
zwar
besonders
einfach
kaum
schlecht
super
toll
ärmlich
fließend
glücklich
traurig
well
jointly
together
quietly
badly
dangerously
evenly
terribly
suddenly
absolutely
truly
specially
easily
hardly
badly
amazingly
greatly
poorly
fluently
happily
sadly
Examples of german manner
Usage
1. Das hast du gut gemacht.—— you did that well.

2. Könnt ihr bitte leise lesen?—— can you guys please read quietly.

3. Die Jungen aus dem Unfall wurden schlecht verletzt.—— the boys from the accident were badly injured.
Sentences with german adverb of manner

Adverbs of frequency

These adverbs are used to describe how often or the percentage of how something is done. The are usually associated with the question-word “wie oft”. Some examples are listed below.

GermanEnglish
oft
immer
täglich*
morgens*
mittags*
nachmittags*
abends*
nachts*
freitags*
montags*
wochentlich*
jährlich*
monätlich*
selten
nie/niemals
manchmal
immer wieder
für immer
wöchentlich
nochmals
mehrmals
einmal
often
always
daily
mornings
noons
afternoons
evenings
nights
fridays
mondays
weekly
yearly
monthly
rarely
never/ not ever
sometimes
repeatedly/ over and over
forever
weekly
again
severally
once
Examples of german frequency

* They are can be translated also in english with “every” when the suffix “-s” is removed. For example; “freitags” can also mean “every friday”.

Usage
1. Ich gehe manchmal mit meiner Mutter spazieren.—— I go for a walk sometimes with my mother.

2. Das Baby weint immer wieder.—— The baby cries repeatedly.

3. Meine Tante besucht mich niemals, weil ich sehr weit weg lebe.—— my aunt never visits me because I live very far away.
Sentences with german adverb of frequency

Adverbs of reason

These adverbs are used to explain why, the purpose, the target and aim of doing something. This group of adverbs are also used as conjunctions to connect sentences to each other. The are usually associated with the question-words “warum and wieso”. Some examples are listed below.

GermanEnglish
darum/deshalb
deswegen/daher
darüber
andernfalls
notfalls
deinetwegen
meinetwegen
sonst
for this
therefore
upon this
otherwise
if necessary
because of you
because of me
if not
Examples of german reason
Usage
1. komm schnell nach Hause, andernfalls werde ich das Essen alleine essen.–– come home quick otherwise i’ll eat the food alone.

2. Deinetwegen will Cara nach Frankreich nicht mehr umziehen.–– Cara does not want to relocate to France anymore because of you.
Sentences with german adverb of reason

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